Titre : Olympic Charter Evolution Shaped by Urban Strategies and Stakeholder’s Governance: From Pierre de Coubertin to the Olympic Agenda 2020


Auteur : Lopes dos Santos, G., Gonçalves, J., Condessa, B., Nunes da Silva, F., Delaplace, M.  

Résumé : The Olympic Charter is the binding document that rules the Olympic Movement which, among other things, has the role of managing the organization of the biggest and most complex sporting event in the world - the Olympic games. The multi-disciplinary nature of this event implies the involvement of diverse stakeholders, including hosts and respective communities that, besides having different interests, rely on each other to fulfil them. As the owner of the event, the International Olympic Committee has the role of managing these interests through the update and modification of the Olympic Charter. This paper explores the evolution of this document, taking special consideration of the influence that occurrences related with stakeholder’s governance and urban strategies of hosts had on its rules. A cross-referenced review between the historical events within these two fields of study is compared to a systematic review of the Charter’s evolution. The results include a timeline with eight periods identifying the progress of those relationships, showing that the Olympic Charter has had a more reactive than pro-active character: it was highly influenced by hosts and other internal and external governance issues that, together, were responsible for the addition of new rules.

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Titre : L'héritage social des Jeux olympiques


Auteur : Cécile Collinet, Pierre-Olaf Schut  

Résumé : Le dernier dossier de la revue Movement & Sport Sciences, coordonnée par Cécile Collinet et Pierre-Olaf Schut de l'ORME (Observatoire pour la Recherche sur les Méga-Evénements), intitulé "L'héritage social des Jeux olympiques" est consultable en ligne.

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Titre : Quel héritage en termes d’image pour les villes hôtes ou candidates des olympiades ?


Résumé : Le numéro 4 de la revue Marketing Territorial repose sur des travaux académiques présentés lors des deux premiers colloques (juin 2018 et juin 2019) de l'ORME - Observatoire de Recherche sur les Mega-Events -, créé au sein de l'UPEM en vue du déroulement des Jeux Olympiques d'Eté à Paris en 2024. Les universitaires Charles-Edouard Houllier-Guibert, directeur de cette revue, et Marie Delaplace, membre du comité de pilotage de l'ORME, ont coordonné ce numéro ainsi que des sessions lors de chacun des colloques, dont la session "Quel héritage en termes d’image pour les villes hôtes ou candidates des olympiades ?" spécialement proposée pour ce numéro thématique.

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Auteur : Alana Thomson, Graham Cuskelly, Kristine Toohey, Millicent Kennelly, Paul Burton, Liz Fredline  

Résumé : The study of sport event legacies has grown rapidly since 2000 across a number of disciplines related to planning and hosting large-scale sport events. However, to date, there have been limited attempts to systematically review and synthesise extant sport event legacy research, reflect on existing knowledge, and identify key gaps for future research. In this article, the authors reviewed the state of sport event legacy research through a systematic quantitative review of 305 original, peer-reviewed research articles published in English language journals between 2000 and 2016. Results demonstrate that a small group of academics concentrated in particular countries are driving the publication of studies on sport event legacy in predominately specialised sport and event journals. There is a clear research interest in legacy outcomes realised through hosting sport events in areas of public life, politics, and culture, as well as mass participation sport. The authors identify key areas for future research and make recommendations for empirical research designs to progress scholarship and better inform policy and practice pertaining to sport event legacy.

Mots-clés : Sport events, Event legacies, Systematic review, Research synthesis

PDF : https://www.u-orme.fr/images/pdf/Thomson2018.pdf