Titre : L'héritage urbain des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques

Auteur : Ingrid Nappi-Choulet, Gisele de Campos Ribeiro   

Références : Altern. économiques, 2018/2 N° 78 | pages 69 à 80

Résumé : Les Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques d'été et d'hiver représentent un « mégaévénement » populaire dont l’impact médiatique et économique est tel qu’ils sont devenus un enjeu essentiel dans la compétition et l’attractivité des métropoles dans le monde. Si les événements sont en eux-mêmes de courte durée, leur préparation – notamment entre la période de candidature et le début des compétitions sportives – se déroule sur une période bien plus longue et les impacts territoriaux sont considérables. Ces derniers, reposant très souvent sur d’ambitieux projets d’urbanisme

Mots-clés : héritage, urbain, jeux olympiques, jeux paralympiques

PDF : https://www.u-orme.fr/images/pdf/LECO_078_0069.pdf


Titre : La durabilité, nouveau mythe des Jeux olympiques

 

Auteur : Olivier BESSY, Maître de Conférences à l’Université de La Réunion  

Résumé : Les Jeux olympiques affichent désormais l’ambition d’inscrire leur action dans une démarche de développement durable. Dopage, médiatisation à outrance, loi de l’argent… : l’affichage médiatique ne semble pas résister à une analyse critique de l’action menée.

PDF : https://www.u-orme.fr/images/pdf/article_espaces.pdf


Titre : Olympic Games Legacy: From General Benefits to Sustainable Long-Term Legacy

Auteur : Becca Leopkey & Milena M. Parent   

Références : The International Journal of the History of Sport, 29:6, 924-943

Résumé : The purpose of this article is to map and contextualise the evolution of the concept of legacy over time using bid and final report documentation from Olympic Games host and candidate cities. As a result of the increased importance of legacy in the modern Olympic movement, many trends have emerged. Examples of modern trends include numerous new legacy themes (e.g. environmental, information, educational); changes in the types of legacy being emphasised (e.g. closer links to city and regional planning initiatives and legacy sustainability), its increasing complexity and interconnectedness found within the typology of legacies, and legacy’s overall governance including major influencers and decision makers.

Mots-clés : Olympic Games; legacy; sport events; legacy governance

PDF : http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2011.623006


Titre : A Theoretical Approach for the Olympic Legacy Study Focusing on Sustainable Sport Legacy

Auteur : Keiko Homma & Naofumi Masumoto   

Références : The International Journal of the History of Sport, 30:12, 1455-1471

Résumé : The management of the Olympic Games has changed significantly since the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games. The introduction of commercialisation probably saved the Olympic Games from a fateful crisis. It brought financial stability and attracted cities to bid for the Games. On the other hand, the impact of hosting the Olympic Games increased as more stakeholders became involved in its management. In addition, the global community became concerned about environmental issues. Global organisations including the International Olympic Committee (IOC) were required to take actions towards sustainable development. In this context, the debate regarding the Olympic legacy became of interest among stakeholders and researchers. The IOC introduced indicators to measure impact and legacy, which is now referred to as Olympic Games Impact (OGI). However, there are some issues in the current OGI study. This paper aims to suggest a theoretical approach which would contribute to solve the issues by focusing on sustainable sport legacy as an example. The proposed theoretical approach is focusing on event objective and analysing the relationship between sport policy and sport legacy development concentrated on the process and opportunity rather than the outcome.

Mots-clés : Olympic Games; Olympic legacy; Olympic Games Impact; sport legacy; sport policy

PDF : http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2013.825251


Titre : A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sport event

Auteur : Holger Preuss   

Références : A framework for identifying the legacies of a mega sport event, Leisure Studies, 34:6, 643-664

Résumé : A mega sport event involves huge investments in city infrastructure. After the event, the structures that remain may be an asset to the stakeholders, or they may be a burden. Faced with high costs, the taxpayer demands that the event- related social, economic and ecological changes will in the end have improved living conditions for the host city. But it is not easy to identify sport event lega- cies in their entirety, because event-related changes may be confused with non- event-related development, and because a wide variety of areas and stakeholders are affected. This paper looks at how to identify legacies, who is affected by the legacies, how long they last, and how to judge whether a legacy creates or destroys value. It stresses that legacies affect stakeholders differently – positively for some and negatively for others. It considers how to maximise positive lega- cies and suggests that these can best be controlled by governmental organisa- tions. It notes that legacies gain and lose power over time and that often a legacy will be activated only if environmental changes offer opportunities.

Mots-clés : legacy; mega sport event; stakeholder; conceptualisation; government; legacy dimensions

PDF : http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2014.994552